By the end of the second world war, in 1945, the united states and soviet union began establishing their spheres of influence the united states and the soviet union were the two super powers that fought indirectly for control of territory and dominance of their ideologies. The people of the ussr had experienced foreign invasion in the first world war, during the civil war 1918-1921 and the second world war stalin believed that the usa's long-term ambition was to destroy communism, therefore he adopted policies, which he believed would prevent this from happening. After world war ii, joseph stalin saw the world as divided into two camps: imperialist and capitalist regimes on the one hand, and the communist and progressive world on the other in 1947, president harry truman also spoke of two diametrically opposed systems: one free, and the other bent on subjugating other nations. Because of the cold war, there was no comprehensive peace settlement after the second world war as there had been in 1919 instead there were a number of separate agreements or ad hoc decisions in europe most of the borders that had been established at the end of the first world war were restored.
After world war ii, europe was in ruins george marshall devised a plan for long-term economic and industrial recovery for most of europe but the $1025 billion plan was more than just a humanitarian effort, it was meant to help contain the spread of international communism. Why would stalin not permit free elections in eastern europe after the end of the second world war he believed a buffer zone of communist states was necessary for soviet security why did most americans initially support us involvement in the vietnam war. The communist party had reached the peak of its strength in the united states during world war ii, when it claimed 80,000 members some of these had indeed worked for the government, handled classified material, or been part of spy networks.
(m gilbert, second world war) far more than the normandy landings, the battle of kursk in july 1943 was the most decisive battle of the second war the german army lost over 400 tanks in this epic struggle. Communism was growing in the far east, as well as in europe, and after the second world war both korea and vietnam were divided between communists and non-communists the peacemakers solved both problems by simply drawing a line across both countries, giving the northern area to the communists, and the southern part to the non-communists. Anti-communism is opposition to communismorganized anti-communism developed after the 1917 october revolution in russia and it reached global dimensions during the cold war, when the united states and the soviet union engaged in an intense rivalry. The united states did not prevent communism after world war ii, but it did attempt to slow its spread two of the best examples of this are the korean war and the berlin airlift. Joseph stalin was an evil dictator, propelled by an evil communist ideology to attempt world domination appeasement hadn't worked against hitler, and appeasement wouldn't work against stalin either an innocent america had only reluctantly joined the cold war to defend the free world from otherwise inevitable totalitarian conquest.
Following world war ii (1939-45), the democratic united states and the communist soviet union became engaged in a series of largely political and economic clashes known as the cold warthe intense. Alarmed that communism was spreading, us policymakers identified stalin as a threat and moved to contain communism by preventing its spread as a symbol of contention, the western portion of berlin was walled up, and germany was split between the democratic west and the communist east. After the defeat of japan in world war ii, the united states led the allies in the occupation and rehabilitation of the japanese state between 1945 and 1952, the us occupying forces, led by general douglas a macarthur, enacted widespread military, political, economic, and social reforms. World war ii judson knight the second world war was history's largest and most significant armed conflict it served as the breeding ground for the modern structure of security and intelligence, and for the postwar balance of power that formed the framework for the cold war. The period also marked the inception of the domino theory (the fall of one country after another to communism) and the resultant attempts to contain communism in the cold war the soviet union's hegemony over eastern europe, and the vulnerability of western european countries to continued soviet expansionism, sharpened the sense of crisis.
Communism in asia apart from the soviet union, asia was the major killing field of communismperhaps 75 million innocent men, women and children were killed for communism in asia - mainly in china, north korea, vietnam and cambodia. When communism was rising in russia after wwi, allied countries sent troops to russia to try to stop the spread of communism russia was undergoing a civil-war between the red s (communists. The marshall plan was a massive program of aid from the united states to sixteen western and southern european countries, aimed at helping economic renewal and strengthening democracy after the devastation of world war ii. Upon the conclusion of the war, stalin quickly broke his promise and installed communist governments in these countries without even the pretense of an election the us and its allies were stunned at stalin's betrayal and feared that the soviets would attempt to expand communism throughout europe. After world war ii, as winston churchill famously remarked, an iron curtain descended across europe as stalin installed communist regimes in poland, czechoslovakia, yugoslavia, hungary, romania, albania, and soviet-occupied east germany as a buffer zone against an invasion from western europe.
Internationally, following world war ii country after country in eastern europe had fallen under communist rule, as had china, and the trend was spreading to other nations in latin america, africa, and asia as well. After the war, as well as wanting to crush germany, the soviet union wanted to create more communist countries on its western border so it would never again be vulnerable to be attacked and invaded by the west. The second world war and the cold war brought many dramatic changes to asian countries japan was stripped of the lands it had conquered, great britain, france, and other countries were forced to withdraw themselves from their asian colonies and new nations appeared. The cold war took up most of the second half of the twentieth century, from world war ii to the fall of the berlin wall it was an ideologic battle, fought mostly without actual weapons.
After the second world war, the us emerged as the a super power its economic infrastructure was untouched by the war and the us was the only nation with an atomic bomb. By warning about world war iii, after all, he implied that we are not already fighting world war iv on the right, world war iv has become one of the most popular ways to describe america's. But in the years after world war ii to the age of the nixon presidency, the us failed to stop the expansion of communism to any efficiency the whole of eastern europe fell to communism the most populous nation on earth, china, also went communist indirectly taking with it n korea and vietnam, and making the countries of cambodia and laos.
The first phase of the cold war began in the first two years after the end of the second world war in 1945 the ussr consolidated its control over the states of the eastern bloc while the united states began a strategy of global containment to challenge soviet power, extending military and financial aid to the countries of western europe and.